File JK: Student Discipline


It is essential for schools to maintain a safe and orderly environment that supports student learning and achievement. Effective discipline enables the schools to discharge their primary responsibilities to educate students and promote citizenship and ethical behavior. All students are expected to conduct themselves with respect for others and in accordance with Board policies, school rules, and applicable state and federal laws. Disciplinary action may be taken against students who violate policies, rules, or laws, and/or whose conduct directly interferes with the operations, discipline or general welfare of the school.
The Board expects the following principles to guide the development and implementation of school rules and disciplinary procedures:
A. Discipline should emphasize positive reinforcement for appropriate behavior, as well as appropriate consequences for misbehavior. The focus should be on providing a school environment where students are engaged in constructive learning and interactions with others.
B. Expectations for student behavior should be clear and communicated to school staff, students and parents.
C. Consequences for misbehavior should be in proportion to the offense, fair and consistently enforced. Administrators shall have the discretion to tailor discipline to the facts and circumstances of the particular case.
D. Parents should be actively involved in the process of preventing and resolving disciplinary problems at school.
Any restraint or seclusion of students shall comply with applicable regulations and Board policy.
Physical force and corporal punishment shall not be used as disciplinary methods.  
Maine Law provides that “a teacher or other person entrusted with the care or supervision of a person for special or limited purposes may not be held civilly liable for the use of a reasonable degree of force against the person who creates a disturbance if the teacher or other person reasonably believes it is necessary to (a) control the disturbing behavior; or (b) remove the person from the scene of the disturbance.” 
Teachers are authorized to make and enforce rules for effective classroom management and to foster appropriate student behavior, subject to the direction and approval by the building principal/designee.  
School-wide rules shall be developed by the building principal with appropriate input from school staff, students and parents and subject to approval by the Superintendent. Principals shall provide for the suspension or other serious disciplinary action against students in accordance with Board policies, administrative procedures and Maine law.
Students with disabilities shall be disciplined in accordance with applicable federal and state law/regulations.
Legal Reference:        17-A MRSA § 106
                                    20-A MRSA §§ 1001(15A); 4009
Cross Reference:    AC – Nondiscrimination/Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action
                                   ACAA – Student Harassment and Sexual Harassment
                                   EBCA – Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan
                                  JIC – Student Code of Conduct
                                  JICIA – Weapons, Violence and School Safety
                                  JKAA – Use of Physical Restraint and Seclusion                       
                                  JKB – Student Detention
                                  JKD – Suspension of Students
                                 JKE – Expulsion of Students
                                 JKF – Suspension/Expulsion of Students with Disabilities
FIRST READING:                  December 13, 2012 
SECOND READING:            January 10, 2013
 ADOPTION:                           January 10, 2013

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